Tartan Day is a celebration of Scottish heritage on April 6, the date on which the Declaration of Arbroath was signed in 1320.

The Scots are among the first Europeans to establish themselves in Canada and are the third largest ethnic group in the country. In the 2011 National Household Survey, a total of 4,714,970 Canadians, or 14.1 per cent of the population, listed themselves as being of Scottish origin (single and multiple responses).

The Scots and their descendants shaped place names and institutions, as well as the economic, political and cultural life of the country. Scots have been involved in every aspect of Canada's development.